Swearing-In Ceremony, (Ottawa) June 14, 2013
Swearing in Ceremony, (Ottawa) June 14, 2013
Credit: Andrew Balfour


The Federal Court is Canada's national trial court which hears and decides legal disputes arising in the federal domain, including claims against the Government of Canada, civil suits in federally-regulated areas and challenges to the decisions of federal tribunals. Its authority derives primarily from the Federal Courts Act.

The Federal Court was created in 1971 under the authority of s. 101 of the Constitution Act, 1867 for the "better administration of the laws of Canada". It is a successor to the Exchequer Court of Canada, established in 1875.

According to the Federal Courts Act, the Court consists of a Chief Justice and 36 other judges. At present, there are 33 full-time judges, along with seven supernumerary judges and six prothonotaries.

Until 2003, the Federal Court of Canada consisted of two divisions: an Appeal and a Trial Division. With amendments to the Federal Courts Act coming into force on July 2, 2003, these divisions became two separate courts: the Federal Court of Appeal and the Federal Court.

What's New

RSS Newsfeed Information on the Federal Court.

  The Honourable Denis Gascon, a lawyer with Norton Rose Fulbright Canada in MontrĂ©al, is appointed a judge of the Federal Court to replace Mr. Justice D.J. Rennie, who was appointed to the Federal Court of Appeal.
  The Honourable B. Richard Bell, a judge of the Court of Appeal of New Brunswick, is appointed a judge of the Federal Court to replace Madam. Justice Dolores Hansen, who elected to become supernumerary judge as of December 8, 2014.
Recently Released Decisions
  Recently released decisions of the Federal Court updated weekly.


Date Modified: 2013-02-11